Scientific Program

Conference Series LLC Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 9th Global Veterinary Summit Las Vegas, USA.

Day 2 :

  • Poster Presentation
Location: Las Vegas, USA
Speaker

Chair

Patchima Sithisarn

Kasetsart University, Thailand

Co-Chair

-

Speaker
Biography:

Nadine Al-Jumaa is a veterinarian working as a supervisor and a mentor at the Major Iraqi Poultry Projects Department- the Ministry of Agriculture of Iraq. She has completed her master’s degree in Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry from College of Veterinary Medicine-University of Baghdad in 2015. She has completed the bachelor degree in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery in 2009 from College of Veterinary Medicine- University of Baghdad too. Her Masters project was about anti-diabetic medicine, and she is willing to do more researches related with the humans-animals health in the future.

Abstract:

This study was designed to evaluate the hypolipidimic effect of sitagliptin in Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)/fructose_ exposed male rabbits. Twenty one (21) adult male rabbits were randomly and equally divided into three groups (T1, T2 and T3) and were treated for 45 days as follows: Group T1 (Control group), rabbits in groups T2 and T3 were given 40% fructose -1% H2O2 in drinking water. In addition to fructose and H2O2, 1.5mg/kg. B.W of sitagliptin were administered orally to rabbits in group (T3). Fasting (8-12 hrs) blood samples were collected by heart puncture technique at 0, 45 days of the experiment for measuring a- Total cholesterol (TC), Triacylglycerol (TAG) and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and very low density lipoprotein-cholisterol (VLDL-C) concentration. In addition to measuring body weight and waist circumference weekly as marker for central obesity. The results revealed that exposure of rabbits to 40% fructose -1% H2O2 in drinking water (T2 group) caused a case of dyslipidemia manifested by ( a significant elevation in serum (TC), (TAG), (LDL-C) and (VLDL-C) concentration. In addition to depression (HDL-C) concentration and a significant elevation in body weight and waist circumference. Hypolipidimic
effect of sitagliptin, was clarified in group (T3), manifested by restoring of previous parameters leading to correction the case of dyslipidemia, body wheat and central obesity. In conclusion, the results of this study confirm the to the ameliorative role of Sitagliptin against deleterious effect of fructose/ H2O2 in adult male rabbits.

Speaker
Biography:

Ozlem Sengoz Sirin has completed his PhD in 2008 from Ankara University and Postdoctoral studies from Mehmet Akif Ersoy University School of Veterinary Medicine. She was the Coordinator and Instructor of the first AOVET course in Turkey. Additionaly, she is working in group of TINNET as a delegate of Turkey (TINNET is a European research network funded by the COST program under the Action number BM1306). She finished six important projects in her country and still she is dealing with two projects and provides orthopedic trainings in her country.

Abstract:

With the increasing importance of health given to pet animals by the owners, the expectations from veterinary surgeons are increasing. The objective of the study is to meet the requests depending on, to a large extend, the examinations, which will facilitate the diagnosis by using improved technology and determine the prognosis. Accepted in veterinary neurology as noninvasive advanced diagnostic techniques, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) and Electrodiagnostic testing are gradually becoming widespread. When the diagnostic tests are applied in addition to signalement, anamnesis, physical and neurological examinations that are fundamental in a neurological study, they provide avoidance from invasive applications, determination of the prognosis and support or confirmation of suspected neuroanatomical diagnosis before starting treatment. BAEP test can be used safely for examination of the brain stem auditory pathways of transmission that cannot be reached by other test procedures. In this study, we aimed to investigate hunting dogs used with normal neurological and video otoscopic examination results, whether acoustic trauma caused by firearm noise can be diagnosed by BAEP. For this purpose, hunting dogs with normal neurologic, video otoscopic and tympanometric examination results and have never been used for hunting is used to obtain reference BAEP values. While tympanometric pressure values of Acoustic Trauma Group (ATG) cases were higher than that in Control Group (CG), they were found to be in normal range (ATG left: 35.63±38.79/right: 34.00±38.25; CG left: -23.90±44.30/ right: -29.20±36.87 daPa). BAEP records were saved using both click and tone burst stimuli. Records were taken at the frequencies of 0.5 kHz–1 kHz– 2 kHz–4 kHz–6 kHz–8 kHz with tone burst stimulus.

T Bakula

University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland

Title: The efficacy of a deodorizing biopreparation in poultry farming
Speaker
Biography:

T Bakula, Habilitated Doctor, is employed at the Department of Veterinary Prevention and Feed Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland. He is the Director of the Biodefense Laboratory. His main area of research interest is biosafety in food and feed production. He has published over 60 scientific articles in international journals and over 150 other papers.

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to determine whether the deodoric® biopreparation (a mixture of microorganisms on a mineral carrier, in loose form) can minimize odor from deep litter poultry houses, and improve sanitation and hygiene standards, i.e. contribute to eliminating pathogenic microorganisms and reducing microbial contamination. The experiment was performed on laying hens, broiler chickens and turkeys. Experimental and control groups of equal size were kept under identical housing, management, microclimate and feeding conditions. Stocking density met the relevant requirements. The biopreparation was applied to the litter once a week, at 170 g per m2 in layer and broiler houses, and at 180 g per m2 in turkey houses. The emissions of odorous gases,
including ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, were measured. The tested biopreparation alleviated the effect of indoor environmental conditions on atmospheric ammonia concentrations in a layer house, and significantly reduced ammonia levels in broiler chicken and turkey houses. An analysis of growth performance data revealed that higher ammonia emissions in the control group could adversely affect the body weights of laying hens, the number of eggs laid, and laying performance, in comparison with the experimental group. Litter samples and swabs collected from the feet, sternum, beak, trachea and air sacs were subjected to microbiological analyses, which confirmed that microbial counts decreased in the litter and swabs. Blood immunological, biochemical and hematological parameters were determined, and a histological analysis was performed after slaughter. The results demonstrated that the analyzed biopreparation had no negative influence on the health status of birds. It was also found that the application of the biopreparation to the litter increased the fertilizer value of poultry manure.

  • Oral Session
Location: Las Vegas, USA
Speaker

Chair

Yusuf L Henuk

Sumatera Utara University, Indonesia

Speaker

Co-Chair

Ozlem Sengoz Sirin

Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey

Speaker
Biography:

Amjad Khan has completed his PhD from the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore. He is currently a Research Associate working in a project on surveillance of influenza viruses in Pakistan. He has published more than 20 research articles in peer reviewed journals. He has also worked in the Gluck equine research Center University of Kentucky under the supervision of Professor Thomas M. Chambers in his laboratory on equine infleunza viruses.

Abstract:

Equine influenza in non-vaccinated equine population causes disruption and economic losses. To identify the risk factors associated with the equine influenza epidemics in equids in Pakistan, a 1:1 matched case control study was conducted during 2015-2016, including laboratory confirmed 197 positive cases and negative controls, matched on the basis of geography, time of sampling, species and age. A piloted questionnaire was used to obtain the information about the risk factors associated with the occurrence of equine influenza in face to face interviews. Conditional logistic regression was performed to analyze the data. A total of 16 out of 23 variables were found associated as risk factors on univariate conditional logistic regression. Multivariate conditional logistic-regression model was also performed. The key potential risk factors identified in this model were local equine density and manure removal frequency. Due to lack of vaccination against equine influenza; the spread of disease is favored by high local equine density. Investigating the index-case it was recorded that infected cases were imported from Afghanistan. Most of these risk factors related to biosecurity and management were due to the low awareness level regarding equine influenza amongst the respondents. These findings are in line with the results of many other studies identifying similar risk factors for equine influenza infection in various countries.

Speaker
Biography:

Osman Safa Terzi has completed his licence program from Kirikkale University. He is working as Research Assisstant in Ankara University.

Abstract:

Pleural effusion, an abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity, usually affects cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Bella, three-year-old intact female Irish setter, was seen by primary veterinarian for lethargy, fatigue and wobbling, and was treated for lung edema a month ago. Then she was referred to Clinical Service of Internal Medicine at the faculty of veterinary medicine, Ankara University. Physical examination revealed lethargy, ataxia, incoordination and anorexia. CBC was unremarkable except low HCT. On ultrasonography, pleural effusion was determined and then aspiration followed. Cytological examination revealed mainly RBC and WBC’s. Based on echocardiography and electrocardiography examinations, stage B1 of cardiovascular disease was
diagnosed according to guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of canine chronic valvular heart disease by American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) specialty of cardiology consensus in 2009. Although Bella was treated as inpatient for 2 weeks with diuretics, steroids, and antibiotics, prognosis was guarded due to weight loss and large amount of pleural effusion drained about seven liters. However, there was no clinical symptoms of respiratory system. On declined exploratory surgery and elected human euthanasia. Necropsy revealed only diaphragmatic hernia. Cases with persistent pleural effusion, but without respiratory signs should be ruled out/in for diaphragmatic hernia.

Selvinaz Yakan

Agrı Ibrahim Cecen University, Turkey

Title: Changes in antioxidant parameters in calves with arthritis
Speaker
Biography:

Selvinaz Yakan is an expert Veterinary Surgery. She has completed her PhD at Kafkas University, and now she is working as Associate Professor at Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University Eleşkirt Celal Oruç School of Animal Production, Animal Health Department, Ağrı, Turkey. She focuses on Veterinary Ophthalmology, wound healing, pain, veterinary
anaesthesia and analgesia.

Abstract:

The aim of this study is to determine the changes in antioxidant parameters in calves with arthritis. The research was carried out on 30 calves consisting of 15 calves with arthritis and 15 calves healthy calves aged between two weeks and two months in different breed and sex. In this study, clinical examination and synovial fluid analysis (volüme, color, viscosity, appearance, prosence of flocculants mass) were used in diagnosis of calves with aseptic and septic arthritis. Blood samples were taken from the jugular vein of the animals and were centrifuged at 3500 rpm for 10 minutes at +40C and the serum samples were obtained. The samples were maintained at -200C until analyses. Significant differences were determined in malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT) between the groups. As a result, changes in the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant parameters in determining the efficacy of drugs to be applied in the treatment of arthritis in calves will be guiding.

Speaker
Biography:

Amjad Khan has completed his PhD from the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore. He currently a Research Associate working in a project on surveillance of influenza viruses in Pakistan. He has published more than 20 research articles in peer reviewed journals. He has also worked in the Gluck equine research Center University of Kentucky under the supervision of Professor Thomas M. Chambers in his laboratory on equine infleunza viruses.

Abstract:

A widespread epidemic of equine influenza (EI) occurred in nonvaccinated equine population across multiple districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan during 2015-2016. An epidemiological surveillance study was conducted from Oct 2015 to April 2016 to investigate the outbreak. EI virus strains were isolated in embryonated eggs from suspected equines swab samples and were subjected to genome sequencing using M13 tagged segment specific primers. Phylogenetic analyses of the nucleotide sequences were concluded using Geneious. Haemagglutinin (HA), Neuraminidase (NA), Matrix (M) and Nucleoprotein (NP) genes nucleotide and amino acid sequences of the isolated viruses were aligned with those of OIE recommended, FC-1, FC-2, and contemporary isolates of influenza A viruses from other species. HA and NA gene amino acid sequences were very similar to Tennessee/14 and Malaysia/15 of FC-1 and clustered with the contemporary isolates recently reported in the USA. Phylogenetic analysis showed that these viruses were mostly identical (with 99.6% and 97.4% nucleotide homology) to, and were reassortants containing chicken/Pakistan/14 (H7N3) and Canine/Beijing/10 (H3N2) like M and NP genes. Genetic analysis indicated that A/equine/Pakistan/16 viruses were most probably the result of several re-assortments between the co-circulating avian and equine viruses, and were genetically unlike the other equine viruses due to the presence of H7N3 or H3N2 like M and NP genes. Epidemiological data analysis indicated the potential chance of mixed and management such as mixed farming system by keeping equine, canine and backyard poultry together in confined premises as the greater risk factors responsible for the re-assortments. Other factors might have contributed to the spread of the epidemic, including low awareness level, poor control of equine movements, and absence of border control disease strategies.